C4.1 Acids, Bases and Salts

1. Describe the chemical equation when the hydroxides of Zinc, Aluminum and Lead hydroxide (which are precipitates) reacts with excess sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide to form soluble complex ions?

2. Aqueous solutions which have a few hydrogen ions are known as?

3. Explain the reason why Sodium Hydroxide is a strong base than the Ammonia solution and what is its effect on electoral conductivity?

4. Water hardness that is removed by boiling is known as?

5. Mention the metal hydroxide which forms a green precipitate when sodium hydroxide is added onto its solution?

6. When Hydrogen Chloride gas dissolves in a polar solvent such as water what will occur

7. Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid than Ethanoic acid, what does it mean?

8. Water hardness that cannot be removed by boiling is called?

9. A salt is defined as an ionic compound formed when a cation derived from a base combines with an anion from an acid. True or False

10. The separation of different salts by making use of the differences in solubility in the same solvent is known as

11. Which of the following is not an example of a polar solvent from the below list

12. A molecule which behaves as if it is negatively charged in one end and positively charged in the opposite end is said to be?

13. Explain the reason why Hydrochloric acid has a stronger electrical conductivity than ethanoic acid

14. Mention the metal hydroxide which forms a white precipitate when sodium hydroxide is added onto its solution

15. Sodium, Potassium and Ammonium carbonate salts are soluble the rest are all insoluble and form precipitates. True or False

16. The higher the number of hydroxide ions the higher the pH value and the greater the conductivity in the base solution? True or False

17. Describe a strong acid in terms of the number of hydrogen ions present and pH value?

18. What is the solubility of a solute in a solvent?

19. Mention the metal hydroxide which forms a brown precipitate when sodium hydroxide is added onto its solution?

20. For most salts solubility increases with?

21. When Ammonia gas dissolves in a non-polar solvent such as Methylbenzene what will occur?

22. Metal oxides which react with both as acids and bases to form a colorless solution are known as?

23. Which of the following statement describes a polar solvent

24. The hydroxides of Zinc, Aluminum and Lead hydroxide (which are precipitates) react with excess sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide to form soluble complex ions. True or False

25. A substance that dissociates in water o produce hydroxide as the only negatively charged ions are called?

26. All metal Sulphates are soluble except Barium and Lead Sulphate which form precipitate. True or False

27. Water that contains dissolved salts and does not readily lather with soap is called?

28. Describe the chemical equations when the hydroxides of Zinc and Copper (which are precipitates ) react with excess Ammonia solution to form soluble complex ions

29. When Hydrogen gas dissolves in a non-polar solvent such as Methylbenzene what will occur

30. A precipitate is an insoluble solid that separates out from a solution during a chemical reaction. True or false

31. All metal Sulphites are soluble except they react with dilute hydrochloric acid or nitric acid to produce Sulphur (IV) oxide gas. True or Fasle

32. Which of the following statement is CORRECT WHEN AN ACID REACTS WITH A BASE?

33. Water which readily lathers with soap is called

34. Mention the metal hydroxide which forms a blue precipitate when sodium hydroxide is added onto its solution?

35. The hydroxides of Zinc and Copper (which are precipitates) react with excess Ammonia solution to form soluble complex ions. True or False

36. Mention the advantages of hard water?

37. Mention the salts which its solubility remains constant with temperature?

38. Mention the benefits of complex ions?

39. When Ammonia gas dissolves in a polar solvent such as water, what will occur?

40. The hydroxides of Magnesium (Mg), Zinc (Zn), Aluminum (Al), Iron (II), Iron (III), Copper (Cu) and Lead (II) ions forms a precipitate. True or False

41. An acid is a substance that dissociates in water to give hydrogen ions as the only positive charged ions. True or False

42. Mention the disadvantages of hard water?

43. Which of the following is not an amphoteric oxide

44. All Metal Chloride salts are soluble except Lead (II) ions which are insoluble but in warm water Lead (II) Chloride is soluble. True or False

45. What occurs when hard water is boiled?

46. Mention the salts which its solubility decrease with temperature?